- old mystery of El Dorado has been partially unveiled by the Chilean Roland Stevenson, a
researcher living in Amazônia. Vestiges of El Dorado have been located in the extreme
north of Brazil, more precisely in the State of Roraima and previous British Guiana.
(Adaptad from Jornal
"Alternativo" do Meio Norte - Piauí)
The first obstacle in their search for the
lake of gold concerned its exact location. Could it be the Guatavita lake in Colombia as
some traditions indicate? This lake was even partially drained by several explorers, but
in tit no treasure was ever found.
Many other places in South America were
also considered to have been the lake and its city of gold. In Brazil, it has been called
Manoa and would be situated somewhere in the Amazon jungle.
The researcher Roland Stevenson* began
with the historical fact that the Peruvian empire of the Incas, so rich in gold and silver
handicrafts, possessed in their territory only mines of the latter metal. Gonzalo Pizarro,
brother of Perus governor knew this and in 1541 he organized an expedition to search
for the source of Incas gold. In fact, Pizarro was the first to speak of El Dorado
place the Amazonian, in terms of a lake in his letters to the king of Spain.
The first expeditionaires in search of
gold headed for what is now Colombia, but they did not have information about El Dorado
being located at the edge of a lake. Cieza de Leon, Fernandes de Oviedo, Benalcazar, the
brothers Jeminez de Quesada, among other famous explorers of the time, make no mention of
this detail in their reports.
According to Stevenson, exist the pre-Colombia
road was quite long, crossing part of Colombia and the entire north of Brazil, passing
through Roraima and ending on the Atlantic coast in Amapá. There some researchers have
discovered, for example, the Waiapi, speaking the ancient quechua language of Peru as do
the Taulipang in Roraima according to the linguist Migliazza, exact area large potential
of gold in Brazil. From this it appears that the question concerning the origin of the
Incas gold has been answered. Reinforcement of the argument came from the
archeological discovery of four stone weapons called bordunas, having eight points and used to buy soldiers of
the Inca empire. The weapons were found in the gold-bearing areas of Roraima.
Stevensons bilingual book, "A Light on the Amazonian Mysteries" (Manaus
1994) is full arguments and proofs demonstrating inequivocally that one pre-Columbia road
In 1584, the spaniard Antonio de Berrio,
left Tunja (Colombia) intending to explore the hinterland of the Guianas. The explorer
believed that the mysterious El Dorado was located by a lake sorrounded by mountains.
Berrio delived into the forest at the headwaters of the Orenoco and Caroni rivers, but he
did not continue on to the region where the natives told him the Manoa lake was located,
that is, on the other side of the language, Ma-noa means lake). The Parime name to emerge
in four years ago.
Over the years, numerous expeditions tried to
reach the region which at the end of the 16th century had been defined as El
Dorado, due to the enormous riches that that existed in the mountains around the lake. The
famous english voyager, Walter Raleigh, captured Berrio and all his knowledge as well as
his maps (most probably in exchange for his life) which Raleigh used in preparing the map
drawn by Thomas Hariot in 1595.
Although Raleigh made a sensation in
Europe, proclaiming the riches of the Empire of Guiana, he himself never arrived anywhere
near Roraima nor very far from the north of the Caroni river. The subordinates of Berrio
and Raleigh, Domingo de Vera and Laurence Keymis, however, did reach "El Paso",
where today the town of Santa helena in Venezuela is located. This town is near the border
of Brazil where a lower area of the Pacaraima mountains permits passage. There the
expeditionarys were pleased to see the natives wearing gold ornaments but were
unable to go forward because they were so few.
Almost a century later, the race for gold
management to the small lake Guatavita in Colombia, due to the story of the "Golden
Man", which seems to have been only an excuse for the failures in Brazil.
With the help of historical researchers,
geologists, anthropologists and archeologists, Stevenson followed the vestiges of the
extinct pre-Columbian road in the Uaupés basin and ended up in Roraima, there identifying
what had been Manoa or Parime, the lake of "El Dorado". It now exists as a level
area known as the palins of Boa Vista. This immense region does not have a continous
cover, but only trees (buritis) at the margins of the lagoons, rivers and backwaters.
Upon examining the region, Stevenson discovered that on all the
surrounding hillsides a horizontal line appears at a uniform level approximately 120
meters above sea level. This line registers the water level of the extinct lake which
existed until relatively recent times**. It was deduced that here was the legendary lake
located between Roraima and Briths Guyana. Its previous diameter measured 400 km and its
area 80,000 km2 (square kilometers). For researchers who studied it, the
lakes extinction began only about 700 years ago, so that the Spanish conquerors were
contemporaries of the process.
According to Stevenson, the Sacred City of
Manoa probablement was located in the west region of the lake, just as was shown on the
first expeditionaires maps. On Hariots map for example, Manoa is shown on the edge
of the lake, behind an island. Its exact location would be west of what is called today
Maracá Island. There, at the time when the lake was full, would have been the mouth of
the Uraricuera river.
On can only wait for future research to uncover the
vestiges of the city of Manoa to see the El Dorado to left the realm of legend and enter